The topic of thesis:

The work in fishing convention as an instrument to combat forced labour on fishing vessels: A South African Perspective.


The relevance of the thesis:

Fishermen are among the most neglected group of workers in the world. Living and working on fishing vessels is exceptionally dangerous. Consequently, there has been a recent shortage in willing workers particularly on long distance vessels. Additionally, the decline in fish stocks caused by overfishing has also led to a higher demand for cheap labour on the vessels. However, instead of offering higher wages or improving the working conditions on the vessels, some operators resort to labour brokers who use coercive or forceful practices to attain workers. As a result, there has been an increase in forced labour on fishing vessels.

Considering the transnational and highly organised nature of forced labour, there is a pressing need for equally flexible and effective international, regional and South African laws. There are currently no laws which address the specific crime of forced labour on fishing vessels. However, there are existing global, regional and domestic legal instruments which regulate aspects of this crime such the registration of fishing boats, labour, organised crime and human trafficking

The purpose of my research is to assess the extent to which the laws which regulate the different aspects of the crime of forced labour on fishing boats can be applied to address the crime and propose a legal framework that would incorporate such laws.


Additional/Current work under the Chair:

The Impact of the Marine Spatial Planning Act on Permit requirements in Algoa Bay.


Previous qualifications:

  • LLB ( completed 2015) awarded by the Nelson Mandela University.
  • LLM (completed 2017) awarded by the Nelson Mandela University. Dissertation title: The legal remedies to protect minors against cyberbullying in South Africa. 

Last updated: 2020.08.27. A.A

Contact information
Nonhlanhla Hlazo